Prints


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Printing it's a process of applying colors to fabric in different patterns or designs. In properly printed fabrics the color is bonded with the fiber. so as to resist washing and friction. Textile printing is related to dyeing but, whereas in dyeing proper the hole fabric is uniformly covered with single color, in printing one are more colors are applied to it in certain parts and defined patterns. In printing we have lots of things are there to place colors on the fabric, like wooden blocks, stencil, engraved plates, rollers or silk screens, etc.,

ETHNIC PRINTS:



Paisley Print: 

It consist of stylized pine cone or tree of life motive which is a pattern derived from Indian origin mostly of mango shape. These are printed pattern first imported to Europe during the early 19th century derived from East-Indian shawls.








French provincial: 
It consist of a design with small stylized floral prints often surrounded by dots of color that contrast with the background.





 


Applique (or) Patch work pattern:
It is a combination of prints and different fabrics in compatible color and different sizes fabric join together to form a new pattern.










Block print:
It is rustic looking print with unclear border which is used to print Ethnic prints on cotton and also cotton goods. This pattern is done by blocks which is made up of wood or metal. This blocks are then dipped in color or dyes and are placed on the fabric to create a print.







Tie & Dye:
It is a traditional print which has got circular design pattern formed by knotting the fabric area with thick thread which resist the dye from passing through the tied area. For this design generally dark color dyes are used.



 


American Indian pattern:
Indian rug, basket weave has inspired many contemporary fabric print which are very modern consist of geometric, abstract and stripes.





 
                                               


Liberty prints:
It consist of small florals on fine cottons and silk fabrics. This is generally created by liberty company England








Austrian provincial print (lanz): 
It consist of typically small prints with variations and it is also mostly done on cottons with small folk art motives.









Bandana print:
It is adopted from traditional Bandana scarf pattern, which has mostly got bold prints & patterns brightly colored . Mostly primary's are used.








Batik:
It consist of traditional design patterns having softly cracked surface that results from the dye which practically penetrates through the cracked wax surface.





Ikat:
It is an ethnic printing hand loom techniques which prints the pattern on warp threads before weaving & adjoining it when a filler or weft yarn is passed a pattern created with a fragmented edge.







Toile:
It is a traditional french science print which is usually printed as a dark line, out line drawing on a natural or white cotton based goods and is generally used for home furnishings.




FLORAL PRINTS:

 


Chintz:
This term technically describes the glazed surface added to plain or printed material cottons. This term is also used to describe colorful cotton prints of stylized floral and natural motifs and is mostly used for home furnishings.




 

Art nouveau florals:
This includes floral prints emphasizing the curves and the flowing lines of the pattern with subtle coloration.









Calico:
It consist of small floral prints on cottons which one generally used for quilts(warm clothing) and in American garments.








Pointillist floral:
It consist of floral prints filled with paints or dots and can be done with single color or several different colors together.











Stylized florals { 2 way design}:
It consist of an abstract floral pattern having a stylized image. It is also known as a 2 way design because the motifs used have face in both the direction in a random placement, because of which it is special matching or pattern placement.






Challis:
It was a printed fabric which was once woven of fine wool but now it is available in many fibers. It is a soft dress material with a slightly napped surface (small fibers coming out on surface) Prints generally used are paisley and small stylized florals.



 



Realistic or Naturalistic Florals:
It consist of prints having florals design with realistic rendering.













Wall paper floral stripe pattern:
This pattern consist of a string of flowers separated by decorative stripes which is typically of Victorian wall paper pattern printed generally on cotton type fabric.






BOTANICAL PRINTS: In a Botanical prints the enter plant forms are realistically rendered as if the viewers in seeing each part of the plant form at an eye level. These motif may be repeated in the pattern as a completely separated element or can we enclosed in blocks away from one another.


 

 
Jacobean design: 
These designs are characterized by heavily ornamented form of the design and generally is of a German origin and is used for furnishing fabrics.

  

Provincial [French textile design]:
This design pattern was originated during 18th century in the district of Southern France called Provence originally was made in wood block pattern with rich colors such as blue, yellow and poppy red. Today its popular in both apparel and home furnishing.



Chinese series:
These designs are used today to refer to any of western interpretation of oriental design. The Chinese influence is shows in the style of floral rendering (that is the way flowers are drawn and colored) by the usage of Chinese vase ornaments on typical Chinese plants such as Bamboo. 







Conversational:
Design which uses the picture of recognizable object as a motive are called as conversational and in Europe is known as a figure as a liable. The motif used in the above pattern range from crayons, seashells to pipal leaves also.





Juveniles:
These design features cars animals which are brightly colored and boldly drawn. These are a pattern to be used for children's clothing etc.,(Alphabets)



 



Contemporary:
This is a term used to classify a design featuring absolutely simple geometric designs having simple stylized motifs (strokes) that are lines, checks blocks, curves.








Transitional Designs:
These are almost contemporary but have motifs which are not so simple and are woven into the given fabrics.(Jacquard).


 





Japanese shibori: 
Japanese shibori have patterns where tie & dye and batik design prints effects are limited through printing technique.




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